NESTML dopamine-modulated STDP synapse tutorial

Some text in this this notebook is copied verbatim from [1]. Network diagrams were modeled after [2].

Pavlov and Thompson (1902) first described classical conditioning: a phenomenon in which a biologically potent stimulus–the Unconditional Stimulus (UC)—is initially paired with a neutral stimulus—the Conditional Stimulus (CS). After many trials, learning is observed when the previously neutral stimuli start to elicit a response similar to that which was previously only elicited by the biologically potent stimulus. Pavlov and Thompson performed many experiments with dogs, observing their response (by monitoring salivation) to the appearance of a person who has been feeding them and the actual food appearing (UC). He demonstrated that the dogs started to salivate in the presence of the person who has been feeding them (or any other CS), rather than just when the food appears, because the CS had previously been associated with food.